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2 目次 はしがき 3 研究組織, 交付決定額, 関連する研究業績 4 知的障害児 者における構成行為の特徴大塚菜央 奥住秀之 國分充 7 知的障害児 者におけるシフティングと運動調整の関連平田正吾 加藤絢 奥住秀之 國分充 14 知的障害児 者の視空間性ワーキングメモリの特徴大井雄平 奥住秀之 國分充 19 障害のある子どもに対する教師のかかわり態度尺度の文献検討直井麻衣子 奥住秀之 國分充 24 知的障害特別支援学校中学部における学びを深める方法を育む 総合学習 についての事例的検討宮井清香 31 知的障害特別支援学校における子ども同士の人間関係の発達を促す授業の工夫亀田隼人 37 1

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4 ) Hirata S, Okuzumi H, Kitajima Y, Hosobuchi T, Nakai A, Kokubun M. (2014) Relationship between motor skill impairment and social impairment in children with autism spectrum disorders. International Journal of Developmental Disabilities, 60, ) Hirata S, Okuzumi H, Kitajima Y, Hosobuchi T, Kokubun M. (2014) Discrepancy between motor and cognitive control in adults with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disabilitiy- Diagnosis and Treatment, 2, ) Oi, Y., Ikeda, Y., Okuzumi, H., Kokubun, M., & Iwai, K. (2014) Effects of pointing 4

5 movements on visuospatial working memory. Asian Journal of Human Services, 7, ) Oi, Y., Ikeda, Y., Okuzumi, H., & Kokubun, M. (2015) Corsi blocks task complexity effects in people with intellectual disabilities. Total Rehabilitation Research, 2, ) (2014). SNE, 20, ) (2015)., 66, ) (2015)., 66, ) (2015)., 66, ) (2015)., 66, ) (2015)., 66,

6 (, 1989) (, 1996) (, 1996) (, 1976) (1991) (1996) 2 (, 1983, 1987 ; 1988 ;, 1996) 7

7 2 2 3 (, 1998) Rey-Osterrieth (, 1996 ;, 2000 ;, 2007) 2 3 (Benton & Fogel, 1962 ; Benton, 1983 ;, 1985 ;, 1988 ;, 2000) (1996) 3 (2000) (, 2001)2 3 (1965) MA6 6 8

8 MA cube MA cube MA8 cube (1970) (1974) 10 MA (1996)

9 (1988)CA4 CA7 MA4 MA7 2 WAIS 4 MA45 MA67 CA5 (1998) IQ IQ

10 3 (Benton & Fogel, 1962 ;, 1984, 1986) (2008) (1987) A 1 BC MA5 MA5 MA8 MA8 (1996) 3 11

11 (1976)... Benton, A. L., & Fogel, M.L. (1962). Three-dimensional constructional praxis. Archives of Neurology, 7, Benton, A.L. (1983). Contributions to neuropsychological assessment : a clinical manual. Oxford university press, Inc. (1990).,. (1987).., 35, (2007). Rey-Osterrieth., 55, (1998).., 7(1), (2000). 3., 24, (2001).., 72(5), (1965).., 13(1), (1970).., 18(1), (1983).., (1985).., (1987).., (1984).., 34, (1986).., 56(6), (1988).., 38, (1998). IQ IQ., 33, (1989).., 8(1), (1991).., 12

12 39(2), (1996)... (1974).,, 23, (2008)., 46(3),

13 Lezak et al (2004)(Executive Function) umbrella term Miyake et al (2000) Anderson (2002) Miyake Phineas Gage (Ardila, 2008) Miyake (2006, 2008) Dimensional Change Card Sort(DCCS)DCCS DCCS DCCS (KWCST) 14

14 DCCS 21 ( 12, 9 ) 1649 ( 28.7±12.8 ) 14~70( 39.7±18.1) (KWCST)DCCS KWCST (,,, )(,,, )() 24 (No48) No48 () No48 No47 () ()No No () () () 15

15 () (EVERNEW, 0.5Kg) () ( ) (Kg) IQ IQ IQ IQ

16 (IQ56)() (IQ32) (IQ45) (IQ53) () (IQ61)() 0.58±

17 Anderson V. (2002) Assessing executive functions in children: biological psychological and developmental considerations. Neuropsychological Rehabilitation, 8, Ardila A. (2008) On the evolutionary origins of executive functions. Brain & Cognition, 68, Lezak M, Howieson DB. & Loring, DW. (2004) Neuropsychological Assessment, 4th ed. Oxford University Press. Miyake A, Friedman N, Emerson MJ, Witzki AH, Howerter A. & Wager TD. (2000) The unity and diversity of executive functions and their contributions to complex frontal lobes tasks: a latent variables analysis. Cognitive Psychology, 41, ,, (2006) Dimensional Change Card Sort., 2, ,, (2008)., 59,

18 Baddeley (Baddeley, 2012) Baddeley 19

19 (central executive)(phonological loop) (visuo-spatial sketchpad) (episodic buffer) (Smyth & Jonides, 1997; Della Sala, Gray, Baddeley, Allamano & Wilson, 1999; Klauer & Zhao, 2004) (Della Sala, Gray, Baddeley & Wilson, 1997) Corsi (Milner, 1971; Corsi, 1972) 20

20 odd one out span (Russell, Jarrold & Henry, 1996; Henry & MacLean, 2002) (Hulme & Mackenzie, 1992; Bayliss, Jarrold, Baddeley & Leigh, 2005; Henry & Winfield, 2010) (mental age, MA) Bayliss, Jarrold, Baddeley & Leigh (2005) Corsi MA Corsi Van der Molen, Van Luit, Jongmans & Van der Molen (2009) Numminen, Service & Ruoppila (2002) MA Henry & Winfield (2010) MA Schuchardt, Gebhardt & Mäehler, 2010 Henry & MacLean (2002) (chronological age, CA) MA Rosenquist, Conners & Roskos-Ewoldsen,

21 Henry & MacLean (2002) Henry & Winfield (2010) odd one out span MA Russel et al. (1996) MA CA Baddeley, A. D. (2012). Working memory: Theories, models, and controversies. Annual Review of Psychology, 63, Bayliss, D. M., Jarrold, C., Baddeley, A. D., & Leigh, E. (2005). Differential constraints on the working memory and reading abilities of individuals with learning difficulties and typically developing children. Journal of Experimental Child Psychology, 92, Corsi, P. M. (1972). Human memory and the medial temporal region of the brain. Dissertation Abstracts International, 34, 891B. Della Sala, S., Gray, C., Baddeley, A. D., Allamano, N., & Wilson, L. (1999). Pattern span: A tool for unwelding visuo-spatial memory. Neuropsychologia, 37, Della Sala, S., Gray, C., Baddeley, A. D., & Wilson, L. (1997). The Visual Patterns Test: A new test of short-term visual recall. Suffolk: Thames Valley Test Company. Henry, L. A., & MacLean, M. (2002). Working memory performance in children with and 22

22 without intellectual disabilities. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 107, Henry, L. A., & Winfield, J. (2010). Working memory and educational achievement in children with intellectual disabilities. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 54, Hulme, C., & Mackenzie, S. (1992). Working memory and severe learning difficulties. Hove: Lawrence Erlbaum Associates. Klauer, K. C., & Zhao, Z. (2004). Double dissociations in visual and spatial short-term memory. Journal of Experimental Psychology, 133, Milner, B. (1971). Interhemispheric differences in the localization of psychological processes in man. British Medical Bulletin, 27, (2000).. (pp ). (2001).., 72, Numminen, H., Service, E., & Ruoppila, I. (2002). Working memory, intelligence and knowledge base in adult persons with intellectual disability. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 23, Russell, J., Jarrold, C., & Henry, L. A. (1996). Working memory in children with autism and with moderate learning difficulties. Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry, 37, Rosenquist, C., Conners, F. A., & Roskos-Ewoldsen, B. (2003). Phonological and visuo-spatial working memory in individuals with intellectual disability. American Journal on Mental Retardation, 108, Schuchardt, K., Gebhardt, M., & Mäehler, C. (2010). Working memory functions in children with different degrees of intellectual disability. Journal of Intellectual Disability Research, 54, Smith, E. E., & Jonides, J. (1997). Working memory: A view from neuroimaging. Cognitive Psychology, 33, Van der Molen, M. J., Van Luit, J. E., Jongmans, M. J., & Van der Molen, M. W. (2009). Memory profiles in children with mild intellectual disabilities: Strengths and weaknesses. Research in Developmental Disabilities, 30,

23 (, 2005) 19 () () 1 () (1979) () ()

24 () () 1 () (N) (N) 1) 1) 2) 2) 3) 3) 4) 4) () 5) (1979) () 5) (1979) 6) () 6) () (527) (527) 7) (468) (468) 8) 9) 10) 9) 10) 1) 1) 2) () 2) (1995) () 3) (1995) 3) (469) 4) 4) (469) 5) 1) 5) (2001) (2001) (230) (2010) (974) (2010) 2) 1) 3) 2) (230) 4) 3) 1) 4) 2) 1) 3) 2) 4) 3) (974) 5) 4) 5) (1995) () () 40 () ()

25 5 5 5 () (2001) 230 (1995) (2010) (N) (1991) (2007) (2011) (2012) (581) (286) (156) (931) 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 1) 2) 3) 4) 5) 6) 1) 2) 3) 4) 1) 2) 3) 4) 26

26 2 (1991) (2007) (2011) 156 (1998) (1995) (1996) 40 (1 6 ) (2012) 1,

27 3 (N) (N) (2008) 1) 1) (402) (402) 2) 2) 1) 1) 2) 2) (2005) (252) (252) 3) 3) 1) 1) 2) 2) (252) (252) 3) 3) (2008) (2008) 1) 1) 2) 2) (44) (44) 3) 3) 4) 4) 1) 1) 2) 2) 3) 3) (803) 4) (803) 4) 5) 6) 5) 6) (2008) 402 (Acceptance) (Demand) AD (2005) ( )

28 (2008) 1 ( ) 2 ( ) (1985) (1990) MC (Mothers Control) () () 29

29 (1998) P27 (1)., 51, (1995) P18., 48, (1996)., 49, (1985) (PTT).,, 32, (1979) ()., 17 (2), (2007)., 31 (1), (1995) ()., 32 (4), (2001)., 7, (2012) 3., 35 (1), (1990)., 1 (1), (2010)., 17, (2008) AD., 18, (2011) 1., 62, (2005)., 1, (2008)., 18, (1991)., 15 (2),

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32 ABC 2 A 12:11 MA6:04IQ54 B 13:08 MA8:01IQ69 C 14:02 MA6:02IQ53 1 A A 1 A 33

33 A 1 A 1 A A B 4 B B B B B B B 1 図 2 生徒 2 B が作成した発表スライド B ( 一部集約 ) 3 B 34

34 C 4 C C C C C C 4 C C C C 4 C 4 C 3 3 A 35

35 B B ICT ICT C , ,11,

36

37 A 38

38 A 20XX 1 A B 39

39 B 20XX 1 40

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